What is broadcast journalism? It is the method of news reporting presented to the public electronically such as via television, radio and the internet instead of being published in newspapers. Your news can be conveyed not only in speech, but also through pictures, visual texts, and sounds. This is especially true of the internet, which is the latest means of communication technology.
Broadcast journalists are usually quite outgoing and communicative. Their schedules are unpredictable with ever changing work and assignment locations. Broadcast journalism is well suited for those who have both critical thinking and stress management skills. It is also a highly competitive business, full of glamour and prestige.
Careers in broadcast journalism are varied. One works either on-camera or off-camera depending on the job and responsibilities of the individual within the broadcasting industry. On-camera are individuals who serve as reporters, newscasters, or news anchors while those working off-camera are station managers, production assistants, and others who work behind the scenes. Generally, duties of broadcast journalists include gathering and writing news, researching news stories, producing, editing audio and video files, reporting or directing the news at their television, radio, or internet news outlet. The most important jobs in the broadcasting industry are those of the producer, news director, and assignment editor.
A bachelor’s degree in either broadcasting, journalism, or mass communications is required to pursue a career in broadcast journalism. Those who follow this course of study usually undergo on-the-job training in college to become familiar with the environment. Students apply for internships with big companies or work for their college radio or TV station to get more experience.
Broadcast journalists are expected to have a variety of skills since they will be working in different areas of the entertainment industry. Essential skills for journalists are critical thinking, problem solving abilities and research skills. Their job requires them to report complete and accurate information in a manner that is truthful and honest.
Other skills required include good written and oral communication, attention to detail, flexibility with work schedules, willingness to relocate, discipline under pressure, and the ability to meet deadlines. Broadcast journalists are trained to work quickly to the point that they can create long-form reports the minute that a news story breaks.
Careers in broadcast journalism are available to those who complete both undergraduate and graduate programs. Courses offered include: TV journalism, web-based audio and video production, communication in the information age, organizational communication, research methodology, and intercultural communication.
As you begin your employment as a broadcast journalist, you will most likely take on an entry-level employment as a reporter, news director, news anchor, assignment editor, correspondent, writer, or producer. Expect low pay if you belong to a small city. Employment opportunities are better in big cities, which offer higher positions and bigger salaries. The latest available statistics, based on the U.S. Bureau of Labor, show careers in broadcast journalism have an average hourly wage that range $12 and $45 an hour, depending on position, size of market, and experience.