Project management is the managerial discipline of planning, organizing, securing and achieving an organization’s goals, whereas a project is defined as a temporary endeavor which is time-constrained and usually requires resources to finish. IT project management, a sub-discipline of project management, is an area in which information technology projects are planned, monitored, and controlled. In order to become a project manager, one must have an IT project management certification training.
FUNDAMENTALS OF IT PROJECT MANAGEMENT
The essential managerial factors, which are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling, are very important to any manager, most especially a project manager, because dealing with projects takes so much time, effort, and resources. In IT project management, one must use specialized project management techniques in handling projects, because the major challenge of any IT project manager is translating a business requirement to an end product that is fully capable of meeting business needs.
In an organization, an IT project management team would consist of a project manager, the web developers, graphic designers, and the programmers, each one having a defined responsibility in the team. A project manager is most likely the one who has the broadest interaction with the company stakeholders, and the one who has undergone project management certification training. This manager has the responsibility of interacting with the technical staff and the client, whom the manager will have to interact with the most.
The programmer is the one in charge of establishing the project mainframe using programming languages. A programmer’s responsibilities are assisting the other members of the team in the analysis, design, maintenance, documentation, and testing of the software; coding and debugging of routing programs; assisting users with minor or procedural problems; and verifying that the system meets the established performance criteria.
A web developer is a software developer engaged in the World Wide Web. The job of a web developer is to put together a website using several languages such as Java, Python, Perl, etc. The most commonly used language of any web developer, however, is HTML.
A graphic designer is in charge of putting together the images, typography, and motion graphics to create a piece of design. In an IT project team, the graphic designer’s main task is web design, the process of planning and creating of a website.
These different IT-related jobs must work together under the project manager to successfully finish the projects at hand. Though being a programmer, designer, or web developer may sound difficult, it is the project manager who has the most difficult task as he is in charge of making sure that everything is organized, interacting with the client, supervising the team’s work, and documenting all the progress and results. One cannot simply be a project manager for the demanding task requires an IT project management certification training.
TRAINING AND COMPLICATIONS OF IT PROJECT MANAGEMENT
There are several components of IT project management. Apart from the technical factors such as web design, development, programming, and systems analysis, the essentials of project management still apply. One of these components is risk management, which is defined as the identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks. Risks are uncertainties on objectives which can have a positive or negative outcome. Risk management in IT differs in that it deals with information technology-related problems. There is a different methodology to identify, assess, and treat risks.
Another important component of the project management training is strategic planning, which is easily defined as “realistic planning.” This is different from ordinary planning, because this employs the manager’s ability to deal with the expected and unexpected contingencies over the duration of the project.
Along with training for the essentials, there are also complications that are common to IT project teams, such as unrealistic deadlines set by the manager, unmanaged risks, poor cohesion and communication within the team, and vague goals and objectives. These things are also the problems of any other manager, and it is essential that these are remedied immediately or the situation will get out of hand, making the team lag behind deadlines, or, at worst, be unable to finish the projects on or before the scheduled deadline.
This is why IT project management certification training comes in handy. Managers who have received the appropriate training and certification can deal with the unexpected shift in situations within their respective teams and bear in mind the most critical factors in IT project management: risk, objectives, performance, and cooperation. Managers who have no training in handling projects, especially the type of projects which are given the utmost urgency in completion, are in danger of their teams succumbing to pressure and not operating as a functioning unit. Managers who have the said IT project management certification training have the necessary knowledge and techniques to avoid such things from happening.